UL Environment develops ISO 14025-conformant Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs) in five steps.
1. Find an appropriate Product Category Rule (PCR)
The first step in creating an EPD is to find or create a PCR that’s applicable to a particular product category. PCRs provide the calculation and reporting requirements for creating Life Cycle Assessments and EPDs.
Please see https://industries.ul.com/environment/transparency/product-category-rules-pcrs for more information on UL’s PCR library.
2. Conduct and verify the product Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
An LCA is a comprehensive report that documents the cradle to grave impacts of a product. Once an LCA is conducted on a particular product, it must be verified by an independent party to ensure it meets the requirements defined in the PCR, ISO 14040 and ISO 14044..
3. Compile the EPD
The EPD presents the results of the LCA along with additional information about the product’s performance and other sustainability attributes.
4. Verify the EPD
An independent, third party conducts a thorough review and verification of the findings presented in the EPD.
5. Register the EPD
UL registers and publishes the EPD to its repository, located at www.ul.com/spot. EPDs are typically valid for a period of five years.